Manual A Guide to the Principal Gold and Silver Coins of the Ancients from circa bc700 to ad1

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Eagle's head and leaf of bryonia? Thunderbolt, with two wings; one ex- tremity ornamented.

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The series of the staters of Elis is one of the most varied and beautiful in the whole range of Greek coins. Artists of the highest abilities were employed at this mint. The types refer to the worship of Zeus and Hera at Olympia. The digamma was not abandoned on the coins of Elis until Roman times.

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Europa seated in tree. Triton striking with trident. Two marine serpents, face to face. Velchanos a Cretan form of Zeus seated on the stump of a tree, with a cock on his knees. Herakles contending with the Lernaean Hydra ; at his feet is the crab. The coins of the Cretan cities are remarkable for the unconventional style in which the subjects represented are treated. Some of them are very fine works of art, others surprisingly barbarous.

Guide Principal Gold Silver Coins Ancients

The coins of Gortyna refer to the abduction of Europa by Zeus, in the form of a bull. The assistance rendered by the crab to the hydra No. Some of these Cretan coins may with equal probability be given to the earlier half of the next century, as many of them are re-struck on coins of Cyrene which can hardly be earlier than B.

In Euboea the spot was shown on which lo was believed to have been killed, as well as the cave in which she gave birth to Epaphus. The bird on the cow's back is perhaps Zeus, who, in the form of a bird, guided Hermes to the place where Hera had tied lo to a tree.

Winged Gox'gon running, holding in either hand a serpent. Archaic wheel, having long axle- beam crossed by two bands curving outwards. This coin has been attributed to Faesulae. The Gorgon is the symbol of the worship of the moon-goddess, the wheel of that of the snn-god of. The date may be about the middle of the fifth century, or earlier.

The weight-standard is Persic. Mussel shell ; above which, pistrix sea-serpent. This coin may be assigned to the period of prosperity which Cumse enjoyed after her deliverance from the Etruscans by Hiero I. Head of Athena; helmet bound with olive. Taras, naked, helmeted, holding aplustre and round shield ; seated on back of dolphin ; beneath which, fish.

Man, seated, holding distaff at which a young panther jumps. The seated figure may represent the Demos of Taren- tum.

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Head of Herakles, in lion's skin. Heraclea was founded by the Tarentines, B. This is one of its earliest coins. Bull, walking, with head lowered ; beneath, bird. Thurium, on the Tarentine Gulf, was one of the latest of all the Greek colonies in Italy. It was colonized from Athens about B. The style of the head of Athena on this coin may be compared with II. Female head, wearing diadem of pearls, Itev.

Lion; above which, owl flying. Apollo, naked, holding branch ; left arm extended ; on either side of him, a dolphin. None of the money of this city appears to be later in date than the end of the fifth century B. Eagle perched on the capital of a column of the Ionic order; in the field, a laurel-branch. Tripod, with a fillet attached to one handle.

This is the tripod of the Pythian Apollo who was worshipped at Croton, in a temple called the Pythion. Head of nymph Pandosia, wearing broad diadem ; the whole in laurel-wreath. KPA0IZ in archaic characters. River Crathis naked, standing, holding patera and olive-branch ; at his feet, a fish. The archaic forms of the letters on this coin are not consistent with the style of art, which is that of the middle or latter portion of the fifth century.

The inscrip- tion is therefore an afiectation of archaism.

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Bearded figure, naked to waist, seated, his right resting on staff; beneath his seat, a dog. The whole in laurel-wreath. The seated figure on this coin, like that on II.

Coins of this type may date from the time of the expulsion of the despots, B. Winged Nike or Eirene, seated on vase, holding caduceus and bird. This is one of the most exquisite productions of the art of die-engraving. All the finest coins of Terina of this period are by him. Eagle devouring ser- pent ; beneath, two pellets. About the year b. The gold coins of this first issue are all small.

Eagle on capital of column. Crab ; beneath which, floral scroll. This coin belongs to the beginning of the period to which it is here classed. Two eagles, standing on hare, the one about to tear the prey, the other raising its head and screaming. Nike driving quadriga ; above, vine-branch with grapes.

A guide to the principal gold and silver coins of the ancients, from circ. B. C. 700 to A. D. 1

Agrigentum was destroyed in B. This coin belongs to its last years. Head of young He- rakles in lion's skin ; in front, olive-leaf and berry. Athena driving quadriga ; she is crowned by Nike, who flies above. In exergue, grain of corn. The letter O occurs occasionally on Sicilian coins before the year Camarina was destroyed in b. Horned head of young river-god Hipparis, facing ; on either side, a fish ; all within a border of waves.

Nymph Camarina, seated on swan, holding her veil as a sail, and passing over water; behind and beneath, a fish.

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This is one of the most poetical of the works of Evaenetus ; unfortunately, it is not in very good pre- servation. Head of Athena, wearing helmet adorned with hippocamp. Two olive-leaves with berries. Quadriga ; horses walking. Head of Apollo or River- god Amenanus? Quadriga ; horses walking, crowned by Nike.

These tetradrachms are subsequent to the year e. Forepart of man-headed bull river Gelas. Quadriga; horses crowned by Nike. In exergue, honeysuckle ornament. Horseman armed with spear, and wearing Phry- gian helmet. Forepart of man-headed bull ; above, grain of corn. This coin was struck between about B. Homed head of young river-god Gelas ; hair bound with taenia; around, three fishes.

Quadriga driven by Nike ; above, olive-wi-eath. The presence of the letter CI on this coin shows that it must have been struck shortly before , when Gela was destroyed. Nymph Himera, sacrificing at altar; behind her, Silenus bathing under a fountain, which issues from a lion's head; above, a grain of corn. Quadriga ; charioteer crowned by Nike.

Himera was destroyed in B. This beautiful coin probably dates from about the middle of the century. Head of Apollo, laureate; beneath, lion; around, three laurel-leaves. Quadriga; charioteer crowned by Nike.